Though largely attributed to the No Child Left Behind Act, academic success has long been measured by standardized testing and achieved credits and grades from core curriculum as a metric for achievement, leaving students’ emotional needs and social development neglected and undervalued. However, thanks in part to the federal ESSA law around education introduced in 2015, schools are starting to understand and accommodate the need for curriculum that highlights social-emotional learning (SEL). SEL curriculum is dedicated to helping students gain skills and understanding in areas such as goal-setting, responsible decision-making, self-awareness, self-regulation, social awareness, and building relationships.
Teachers and administrators have begun working to incorporate inclusive SEL curriculum into classrooms through redefining education practices and standards in their schools. Teachers and administrators are able to use SEL to support whole child learning and ensure success in learning and life objectives for students. They do so by creating distinct SEL curriculum, coming up with ways to incorporate SEL programs into existing curriculum, defining means of mapping curriculum, and monitoring progress toward SEL goals and learning objectives. Successful SEL education has been linked to:
Healthier attitudes about self, increases in mood, and decreases in emotional stress for students
Better student-teacher relationships
Improved relationships with peers
Increased academic success, including higher graduation rates
Less challenging behavior and decreases in instances of bullying
Success after graduation, including decreased likelihood to utilize government assistance and increased job readiness and job retention
SEL education success is key to student success.
Social-Emotional Learning Topics
Social-emotional learning curriculum is a combination of stand-alone curriculum and the use of teaching strategies and tools to teach traditional curriculum in ways that aids students in their knowledge and displayed competency in the five SEL skills. This can include everything from establishing rules and expectations for respectful classroom behavior to students collaborating in pairs and groups while working on research projects for History. Some SEL topics, such as classroom rules and expectations, will be something taught for only part of the year, whereas topics such as peer-to-peer communication, teamwork, and respect for cultural differences will be embedded in curriculum year round.
Social-Emotional Learning Programs
The Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL) has been a leading force in defining, pushing understanding of, and informing policy around social-emotional learning for more than two decades. Teachers can find multiple tools to help support teaching SEL curriculum on the CASEL website, which features definitions for SEL terms, teaching approaches, SEL competencies, and guides for measuring and assessing the success of SEL lessons in your classroom.
The Toolbox Project is another great SEL curriculum program. It identifies 12 “tools” with which teachers should equip students for increased academic and life success. These “tools,” or social competencies, include skills/resources, such as breathing, quiet/safe spaces, empathy, patience, “please” and “thank you,” using our words, and personal space among others.
Social-Emotional Learning Examples
SEL has been shown to be most effective when it is consistently taught through a variety of teaching models and curriculum themes that provide students with regular opportunities to learn and improve SEL skills. You can create opportunities for SEL in your classroom through:
Establishing rules and expectations and modeling behavior to students
Having classroom meetings
Providing opportunities for partner and group work
Supporting differentiated instruction by utilizing learning centers and introducing gamified learning
Facilitating student-directed learning by empowering students to make choices about how they learn
Performing daily check-ins/check-outs
Creating classroom jobs
Building inclusive social-emotional learning themes into curriculum requires understanding the needs and learning styles of your students and responding to those needs. Only you know how your classroom is best served by SEL education and how best to introduce SEL curriculum to aid your students in their social-emotional development.